DACA

dacaOn June 15, 2012, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced that it would not deport certain undocumented youth who came to the United States as children. Under a directive from the DHS secretary, these youth may be granted a type of temporary permission to stay in the U.S. called “deferred action.” The Obama administration called this program Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. This page provides guidance on how to apply for DACA, renew DACA, and other important information on DACA.


IMPORTANT NOTICE — PLEASE READ (June 28, 2019)

JUNE 28, 2019 — The U.S. Supreme Court announced on June 28, 2019, that it will grant the Trump administration’s request that it review the federal court cases challenging Trump’s termination of DACA. For now, the three U.S. district court orders allowing DACA recipients to submit renewal applications remain in effect, and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is still accepting DACA renewal applications from anyone who has previously had DACA.

RENEWAL APPLICATIONS ARE STILL BEING ACCEPTED. On January 13, 2018, USCIS announced that it is once again accepting DACA renewal applications, because of an order issued by a U.S. district court in California. The court order was issued in a case challenging the Trump administration’s termination of the DACA program. A frequently-asked-questions document authored by NILC and United We Dream and based on the Jan. 13 announcement is available below.

USCIS stopped accepting first-time DACA applications (that is, applications from people who didn’t already have DACA) as of October 6, 2017. Under the government’s DACA-termination memo, people who already had DACA and whose work permits would expire between Sept. 5, 2017, and March 5, 2018, were eligible to apply for a two-year renewal if they applied by Oct. 5, 2017. Court orders in the California case and a similar case in New York, along with USCIS’s Jan. 13 announcement, have made it possible, again, for people who have DACA now or who’ve had it in the past to submit DACA renewal applications.

FIRST-TIME DACA APPLICATIONS ARE NOT YET BEING ACCEPTED. On April 24, 2018, a U.S. district court in the District of Columbia issued a ruling requiring USCIS to resume accepting first-time DACA applications — but this order did not go into effect immediately, and on August 17, 2018, the court stayed this order.

SUMMARY. At the present time USCIS is not accepting DACA applications from people who have not obtained DACA previously. If you want to apply to renew your DACA under the latest policy (based on USCIS’s Jan. 13 announcement), we encourage you to speak first with an immigration attorney or a Board of Immigration Appeals–accredited representative. If you decide to proceed with an application, we urge that you be represented by an attorney or accredited representative (a Form G-28 should be filed with your application).

DACA InformationLitigation


DACA and Driver’s Licenses/REAL ID
REAL ID and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals

DACA Under the Trump Administration
Explainer Video: What Is Next for DACA?
FAQ: USCIS Is Accepting DACA Renewal Applications (updated Aug. 1, 2019)
Top 5 Things to Know about DACA Renewals Now That the Supreme Court Has Decided to Review the DACA-related Federal Court Cases (June 2019 – English & Spanish)
ALERT: Supreme Court Grants Cert in Three DACA Cases
ALERT: U.S. District Court in Texas Denies Texas Request to Stop DACA Renewals
State and Local Advocacy to Support DACA Recipients and Other State Residents
Frequently Asked Questions on DACA Termination (English, Spanish)
About DACA and Employment (answers to frequently asked questions — English, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish)
#DefendDACA: Stories in Defense of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals

Getting and Renewing DACA
FAQ: The Obama Administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
FAQ: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Renewal Process
Four Top Tips for When You Renew Your DACA
DACA Renewal Calculator: Calculate When Would Be the Best Time to Submit Your DACA Renewal Application to USCIS
Steps to Take if Your DACA Renewal Is Delayed

After You Have DACA
Access to Driver’s Licenses for Immigrant Youth Granted DACA
FAQ: Exclusion of Youth Granted “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” from Affordable Health Care
FAQ: DACA and Your Workplace Rights
FAQ: DACAmented and Undocumented Immigrants and the Obamacare Tax Penalty
Taxes and DACA: What Do I Need to Know? (webinar)

DACA and Dream–related Legislation
See Dream Act, Dreamers, and Related Legislation, under “Immigration Reform”


COVID-19 Resources
Resources | COVID-19 Crisis and Consequences

DACA & Education Post–U.S. Supreme Court Decision
#HomeIsHere Toolkit for PreK-12 Educators, Leaders, and Policymakers

Status Reports
What We Know About DACA Renewals (Center for American Progress, 10/15/19)
DACA Recipients’ Livelihoods, Families, and Sense of Security Are at Stake This November (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 9/19/19)
Amid Legal and Political Uncertainty, DACA Remains More Important Than Ever (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/15/18)
Ending DACA Would Have Wide-Ranging Effects, but Immigrant Youth Are Fired Up and Politically Engaged (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/23/18)
DACA Recipients’ Economic and Educational Gains Continue to Grow (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/28/17)
New Study of DACA Beneficiaries Shows Positive Economic and Educational Outcomes (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 10/18/16)
Results from a Nationwide Survey of DACA Recipients Illustrate the Program’s Impact (report by NILC, CAP, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 7/9/15)
DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action (Migration Policy Institute, 8/14)

Information & Resources from Partner Organizations
Home Is Here
Informed Immigrant
Center for American Progress
Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Background
Memo from DHS secretary — Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children (June 15, 2012, PDF)
DHS press release announcing a deferred action process for undocumented youth (June 15, 2012, PDF)
Questions and answers about the administration’s announcement regarding relief for individuals who came to the United States as children (June 15, 2012, PDF)
Memo from U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement director John Morton (June 15, 2012, PDF)