dacaOn June 15, 2012, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced that it would not deport certain undocumented youth who came to the United States as children. Under a directive from the DHS secretary, these youth may be granted a type of temporary permission to stay in the U.S. called “deferred action.” The Obama administration called this program Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. This page provides guidance on how to apply for DACA, renew DACA, and other important information on DACA.


JUNE 18, 2020 — The U.S. Supreme Court issued a decision finding that the Trump administration’s termination of DACA was (1) judicially reviewable and (2) done in an arbitrary and capricious way that violated federal law. NILC’s news release about this major victory is available at www.nilc.org/2020/06/18/monumental-supreme-court-victory-for-daca-recipients/. Here’s what we know now in light of this decision:

  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will continue to accept DACA renewal applications from anyone who previously has had DACA.
  • USCIS should now begin to accept first-time DACA applications (that is, applications from people who haven’t already had DACA) and advance parole applications from DACA recipients. HOWEVER, we do not know at this time whether the Trump administration will take action to try to limit these options.
  • Whether you want to apply to renew your DACA or apply for DACA for the first time, we encourage you to speak first with an immigration attorney or an Office of Legal Access Programs (OLAP)–accredited representative. If you decide to proceed with a renewal or first-time application, we urge that you be represented by an attorney or accredited representative (a Form G-28 should be filed with your application).
  • In the days ahead, please check back here for more information, as we will be updating this page with additional analysis and guidance as we learn more.
DACA InformationLitigation

DACA Under the Trump Administration
FAQ: USCIS Is Accepting DACA Renewal Applications (updated Aug. 1, 2019)
DACA Supreme Court Case Summary & Practice Update (NILC & ILRC)
ALERT: Supreme Court Overturns Trump Administration’s Termination of DACA
Post–Supreme Court Decision DACA Guidance (by Home Is Here coalition; link is to United We Dream website)
ALERT: U.S. District Court in Texas Denies Texas Request to Stop DACA Renewals
State and Local Advocacy to Support DACA Recipients and Other State Residents
About DACA and Employment (answers to frequently asked questions — English, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish)
#DefendDACA: Stories in Defense of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals

Getting and Renewing DACA
Steps to Take if Your DACA Renewal Is Delayed
FAQ: The Obama Administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
FAQ: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Renewal Process
DACA Renewal Calculator: Calculate When Would Be the Best Time to Submit Your DACA Renewal Application to USCIS

DACA & Obamacare (ACA) & Taxes
FAQ: Exclusion of Youth Granted “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” from Affordable Health Care
FAQ: DACAmented and Undocumented Immigrants and the Obamacare Tax Penalty
Taxes and DACA: What Do I Need to Know? (webinar)
Post–Supreme Court Decision DACA Guidance (by the Home Is Here coalition; link goes to United We Dream website)

Memo from DHS secretary — Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children (June 15, 2012, PDF)
DHS press release announcing a deferred action process for undocumented youth (June 15, 2012, PDF)
Questions and answers about the administration’s announcement regarding relief for individuals who came to the United States as children (June 15, 2012, PDF)
Memo from U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement director John Morton (June 15, 2012, PDF)

DACA and Driver’s Licenses/REAL ID
REAL ID and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals
Access to Driver’s Licenses for Immigrant Youth Granted DACA

DACA & Education Post–U.S. Supreme Court Decision
#HomeIsHere Toolkit for PreK-12 Educators, Leaders, and Policymakers

COVID-19 Resources
Resources | COVID-19 Crisis and Consequences

Status Reports
What We Know About DACA Renewals (Center for American Progress, 10/15/19)
DACA Recipients’ Livelihoods, Families, and Sense of Security Are at Stake This November (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 9/19/19)
Amid Legal and Political Uncertainty, DACA Remains More Important Than Ever (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/15/18)
Ending DACA Would Have Wide-Ranging Effects, but Immigrant Youth Are Fired Up and Politically Engaged (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/23/18)
DACA Recipients’ Economic and Educational Gains Continue to Grow (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 8/28/17)
New Study of DACA Beneficiaries Shows Positive Economic and Educational Outcomes (report by NILC, CAP, UWD, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 10/18/16)
Results from a Nationwide Survey of DACA Recipients Illustrate the Program’s Impact (report by NILC, CAP, and Tom K. Wong of UCSD, 7/9/15)
DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action (Migration Policy Institute, 8/14)

Information & Resources from Partner Organizations
Home Is Here
Informed Immigrant
Center for American Progress
Immigrant Legal Resource Center

DACA and Dream–related Legislation
See Dream Act, Dreamers, and Related Legislation, under “Immigration Reform”