FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
American Dream and Promise Act of 2019
On March 12, 2019, Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives led by Reps. Lucille Roybal-Allard (CA-40), Nydia Velázquez (NY-07), and Yvette Clarke (NY-09) announced the introduction of the American Dream and Promise Act (ADPA). The bill would provide a pathway to U.S. citizenship for certain immigrants whose future in the U.S., the country they call home, has been thrown into uncertainty by the Trump administration’s decision to terminate Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and not to extend temporary protected status (TPS) and deferred enforcement departure (DED) designation for certain countries. Federal court injunctions currently in place allow for the processing of DACA renewal applications and have blocked the termination of TPS for certain countries, but we don’t know how long these injunctions will remain in place.
ADPA, as introduced, is a strong bill in many respects. During its rollout, the bill already had 208 cosponsors, and now it has more than 230. Several changes, particularly to the legislation’s criminal bars and waivers, were made to the bill just before it was “marked up” by the House Judiciary Committee on May 22, 2019. Despite numerous attempts to weaken the bill’s language with amendments, it was not changed during the markup process.
Even though this legislation has widespread support, however, much work remains to be done to ensure its passage in the strongest form possible. We must continue to pressure all federal lawmakers to support inclusive legislation that excludes harmful enforcement provisions and that will protect as many people as possible. Our communities have faced tremendous uncertainty since the Trump administration announced on September 5, 2017, that it was terminating DACA, and since even earlier — since the administration first began announcing that it was not renewing TPS designations. Recently, the administration waited until the last minute to renew the designation of Liberia as a country whose nationals qualify for DED; the designation was set to expire on March 31, 2019, but the administration announced on March 28 that it would be extended for one year.
So it’s time to end the uncertainty these communities are experiencing by passing the American Dream and Promise Act now.
Since ADPA’s introduction, we’ve received questions from the public that we’ve compiled in this FAQ. For a short summary of the bill, see Summary of Dream and Promise Act of 2019 (H.R. 6). For a detailed comparison of DACA, the Senate’s Dream Act of 2019, and this bill, see Side by Side: DACA and Provisions of Dream Act of 2019 and American Dream and Promise Act of 2019. For a comparison of the TPS provisions in ADPA and other legislation, see Side by Side: Temporary Protected Status (TPS), the American Promise Act of 2017, the American Dream and Promise Act of 2019, and the SECURE Act of 2019.
The information provided in this FAQ is based on what we know to date and is not legal advice. We encourage you to periodically revisit this document for updates and additional information. We also encourage you to contact us at [email protected] with any questions that could potentially be added to a later version of this document.
- I am familiar with DACA but I’m not sure what TPS and DED are. Can you tell me more about these programs?
- What is conditional permanent resident (CPR) status, and how is it different from lawful permanent resident (LPR) status?
- If I qualify under the American Dream and Promise Act, will I be allowed to work in the U.S.?
- Will I be able to keep my current Social Security number?
- How much will it cost to apply?
- Will I be able to travel abroad while in CPR status?
- I have a loved one who has been deported. Can they apply for relief from abroad?
- Are there provisions in the bill intended to further increase immigration enforcement?
- Will the information I provide be protected?
- What materials should I gather to prove I qualify for relief under the American Dream and Promise Act?
PATHWAY TO U.S. CITIZENSHIP FOR IMMIGRANT YOUTH, INCLUDING DACA RECIPIENTS
- Is there a maximum age requirement, like in DACA?
- Are there any protections for immigrant children?
- I didn’t qualify for DACA because I initially came to the U.S. at age 17. Would I be eligible to apply for the Dream and Promise Act of 2019?
- I didn’t receive a high school diploma. Can I still qualify for conditional permanent resident (CPR) status and eventually lawful permanent resident (LPR) status?
- Do I have to wait until I have CPR status for 10 years before I can apply for LPR status?
PATHWAY TO U.S. CITIZENSHIP FOR PEOPLE WITH TPS OR DED
- Nationals from which countries would be eligible for TPS-based lawful permanent residence under this bill?
- I currently have TPS. Let’s say my country’s designation doesn’t expire until after this bill is enacted into law. Would I be able to adjust status through other channels beyond what is provided for in this bill?
WAYS TO GET INVOLVED
- What are the chances that this bill will pass and become law?
- What can I do to provide support?
- How can I stay updated on the bill’s progress?