Know Your Rights about the Social Security Number Verification Service
The Social Security Number Verification Service (SSNVS) is an online service of the Social Security Administration (SSA) that allows an authorized employer and certain third-party submitters to verify an employee’s name and Social Security number (SSN) against SSA records, but only for the purpose of ensuring that its records of current or former employees are correct for the purpose of completing the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Wage and Tax Statement (Form W-2).
SSNVS does not confirm whether an employee has authorization to work in the U.S. It is only an indication as to whether the employer’s records match SSA’s records. Use of SSNVS for any other purpose (e.g., to determine immigration status or employment authorization) violates the rules governing the employer’s access to SSNVS and may also violate federal labor and civil rights laws.
Because the government databases upon which SSNVS relies contain errors that may affect you and many employers do not follow program rules, it is important that you know what your rights are.
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