National Immigration Law Center
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Our mission is to defend & advance the rights & opportunities of low-income immigrants and their family members.

Other Resources


Children of Immigrants Data Tool

The Urban Institute's Children of Immigrants Data Tool "enables users to generate detailed charts of the characteristics of children age 0 to 17 nationwide and for individual states and [DC]."

Children of Immigrants and Healthcare Coverage

While the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (CHIPRA), passed in 2009, and the Affordable Care Act (ACA), passed in March 2010, included key provisions that will improve the health and well-being of millions of children in low-income families, the reach of these new laws will be more limited for children in immigrant families, despite the evidence that this population faces significant barriers to having their health care needs met. (First Focus, Mar. 2011.)

Expanding Coverage for Recent Immigrants: CHIPRA Gives States New Options

Who is eligible for coverage? What does "lawfully residing" mean? How does CHIPRA change income calculations? How many people could be covered? How is the new option financed? Are states taking advantage of the new option? Why should states expand coverage? (Families USA, Aug. 2010.) 

Medicaid and CHIP Coverage of "Lawfully Residing" Children and Pregnant Women

"This letter . . . provides guidance on implementation of the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA), Public Law 111-3.  Section 214 of CHIPRA permits states to cover certain children and pregnant women in both Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) who are 'lawfully residing in the United States' as described in section 1903(v)(4) and 2107(e)(l)(J) of the Social Security Act . . . .  The section 214 option may be applied to pregnant women in Medicaid and CHIP and/or to children up to age 19 for CHIP or up to age 21 for Medicaid (including targeted low-income children described in section 1905(u)(2)(B) of the Act)." (CMS State Health Official letter, July 1, 2010, SHO # 10-006, CHIPRA # 17.)

CHIP TIPS: New Federal Funding Available to Cover Immigrant Children and Pregnant Women

This issue brief published in July 2009 by the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured "examines a new option under the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 that allows states to receive federal funds for providing Medicaid and CHIP coverage to lawfully residing immigrant children and pregnant women regardless of when they entered the country. . . . [It] examines how the new option works and the requirements and choices that states face in deciding whether to pursue it."