For a more detailed description of the law, see “New Arizona Law Requires Employers to Use Flawed Employment Eligibility Verification Basic Pilot,” Immigrants’ Rights Update, July 20, 2007, www.nilc.org/immsemplymnt/ircaempverif/eev011.htm.
 Arizona Contractors Association v. Napolitano (D. Ariz., filed July, 2007). For more information, see “Lawsuit Challenges Arizona’s Employer Sanctions Law as Being in Conflict with Federal Law,” Immigrants' Rights Update, Oct. 5, 2007 and “Civil Rights Coalition to Argue in Court That Arizona Employer Sanctions Law is Illegal,” Nov. 14, 2007 (NILC news release).
 The original lawsuit was filed Sept. 4, 2007, on behalf of Chicanos Por La Causa and Somos America. On Jan. 1, 2008, plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction to bar the law from taking effect, and defendants filed a motion to dismiss. A hearing was held, and on Dec. 7, 2007, the court issued a decision dismissing the case based on alleged procedural defects. Plaintiffs appealed the ruling to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and requested injunctive relief pending the appeal. Plaintiffs also filed new complaints, which corrected the alleged procedural defect. On Dec. 21, 2007, the district court denied the plaintiffs’ request for a temporary restraining order in the second set of cases.
 The Ninth Circuit is scheduled to hear oral argument in these consolidated appeals in San Francisco on June 12, 2008. See Plaintiffs’/Appellants’ Consolidated Opening Brief to the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, filed April 1, 2008.
 Research has shown that in the years preceding the law, Arizona residents believed that 40 percent of workers in the private sector were undocumented, even though, according to the largest estimates of undocumented workers in the U.S., less than 5 percent of the population is undocumented. See “Immigration Debate Coverage Leads Arizonans to Exaggerate the Proportion of Illegal Aliens in the Workforce; Ignites Hostile Feelings toward Businesses Who Hire Them” (Behavior Research Center, Oct. 2005), www.brcpolls.com/05/RMP-2005-III-11.pdf .
 Arizona’s nonfarm employment rates for the last 12 months have remained largely consistent; the only significant decrease in employment rates was in the construction industry. Establishment State Employment Seasonally Adjusted, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Feb. 2007-Feb. 2008, www.bls.gov/sae/eetables/b070208.pdf.
 Andrew Johnson, “Laws Can’t Abolish Day-Labor Market,” The Arizona Republic, July 1, 2007, www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/0701biz-workers0701.html; Lawrence Downes, “Immigration, Off the Books,” New York Times (editorial), Apr. 17, 2008, www.nytimes.com/2008/04/17/opinion/17thu1.html.
 See Basic Pilot/E-Verify: Not a Magic Bullet (NILC, Jan. 4, 2008).
 U.S. Census Bureau, “Arizona: Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2006,” http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US04&-context=adp&-ds_name=ACS_2006_EST_G00_&-tree_id=306&-_lang=en&-_caller=geoselect&-format= .
 Christina Boomer, “Some Valley Workers Having Trouble with E-Verify,” KPNX-TV, Phoenix, Mar. 24, 2008, www.abc15.com/news/local/story.aspx?content_id=07e5d455-d95b-4fbb-be43-2d1ee7318972.
 Certified copies of Arizona birth certificates for births occurring before 1989 are not available on the same day they are requested, even if the request is in-person. Although requests may be made in-person, through mail, or the Internet, all birth certificates for births occurring before 1990 are not available for in-person pick-up and can only be received through the mail. Requests for birth certificates take approximately 15-20 days for processing. Expedited processing (3-5 business days) is available only through the Internet. See www.azdhs.gov/vitalrcd/birth_index.htm, a webpage of the Arizona Dept. of Health Services, Division of Public Health Services.
 Current applications to USCIS for replacement green cards or naturalization certificates require a $370 filing fee.
 Nicholas Riccardi, “Arizona Is at Forefront of Illegal Immigration Crackdown,” Los Angeles Times, Apr. 6, 2008.
 “U.S. Pays the Price for Absence of National Immigration Law,” Inquirer.net, Apr. 10, 2008, http://globalnation.inquirer.net/news/news/view/20080410-129490/US-Pays-the-Price-for-Absence-of-National-Immigration-Law.
 Lee Hockstader, “Arizona’s Immigration Two-Step,” The Washington Post, Apr. 21, 2008, www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/20/AR2008042001755.html.
 Terry Greene Sterling, “Crossing the Line: The Economic Price of Arizona’s Crackdown on Illegal Immigration,” Newsweek, Apr. 15, 2008, www.newsweek.com/id/132231; see also “Arizona Farm Employers Await Judge’s Ruling in Sanctions Law Challenge,” Western Farm Press, Dec. 5, 2007, http://westernfarmpress.com/news/120507-sanctions-law/.
 Becky Pallat, “Arizona’s Employers Slow to Get with Program,” Arizona Daily Star, Mar. 30, 2008, www.azstarnet.com/business/231848.
 Suzanne Manneh, “Immigration Laws Hit Business Hardest,” New America Media, Apr. 17, 2008, http://news.ncmonline.com/news/view_article.html?article_id=7194bb75c4ba443895404378af87d028.
 Ronald J. Hansen, “Economy Serves Up Unhappy Meal: Worst Lull in 2 Decades is Hurting Valley Restaurateurs,” Arizona Republic, Mar. 3, 2008, www.azcentral.com/business/articles/0303biz-econ-restaurants0303.html.
 Becky Pallat, “Small Businesses Bump into E-Verify Obstacles,” AzStarBiz, Apr. 8, 2008, http://regulus2.azstarnet.com/blogs/clockingin/8616/small-businesses-bump-into-e-verify-obstacles; see also Peter A. Creticos, Ph.D, Assessing the Economic Effects of State Laws Addressing the Employment of Foreign-Born Unauthorized Workers, Dec. 2007, www.stateimmigrationlaws.com/NR/rdonlyres/ezlhnhx5f64asl4rqdymrlyo6xg7qnimzfd4ur2zqtiy5lrdui4cglp2p4a3wi64b7sekr23ib37prytnq4rbg73b5b/ImmigrationReport12.11.pdf; “Arizona Immigration Law Challenged,” American Public Media’s “Marketplace,” Apr. 2008, http://marketplace.publicradio.org/display/web/2008/04/02/arizona_immigration_employers/.
 “Digital Age Immigration,” QSRMagazine.com, Jan. 2008, www.qsrmagazine.com/articles/tools/111/immigration-1.phtml; Michelle V. Rafter, “A Business Sparked by the Online I-9,” Workforce Management Online, April 2008, www.workforce.com/section/10/feature/25/48/46/index.html; “Contractors & Builders Takes the Hassle Out of E-Verify Legislation,” PRWeb, Apr. 8, 2008, www.prweb.com/releases/2008/04/prweb840024.htm.
 Lee Hockstader, “Arizona Ousts Immigrants but Needs Them,” The Modesto Bee, Apr. 22, 2008.
 “Phoenix Mayor Gordon Calls for FBI Investigation of Arpaio,” The Arizona Republic, Apr. 13, 2008, www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2008/04/13/20080413gordonarpaio0413.html; Lindsey Collom, “ACLU Urges Traffic-Stop Reforms,” Arizona Republic, Apr. 22, 2008 www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2008/04/22/20080422aclu0422.html.
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Tyler Moran, Director of Employment Policy | firstname.lastname@example.org | 208.333.1424